Knowledge Acquired Along The Way
"We first make our habits, and then our habits make us" - John Dryden(Aug 19, 1631 - May 12th, 1700)
The Internet of Things (IoT) - Security,Privacy,Safety - IoT Core Platform Development Project is the first of several development projects that we will be posting on this site. The blog articles are specifically designed with education in mind. As these blog develop so will different mindset learning approaches that will be implemented in order to connect with the different approaches that individuals connect and learn.
With over 40 years applied experiences with product development the road to develop a reliable guide for project development has had many ups and downs and detours along with failures and successes. Some large and midsize manufacturers still attempt to increase the percentage of reuse only to find that the nature of the beast will always maintain a small percentage. Why is this? Well, one opinion is, the fact of the acceleration of technology where the older platforms are phased out and the new platforms are phased in, the cycle has not let up for the past 60 years and is still advancing. Oh by the way, this is not a bad thing!
The knowledge being shared in this blog is with the intent of developing reliable engineering habits to be exercised within any development project with a high level of success. As stated "We first make our habits, and then our habits make us".
Lets look at the habits that this series encourage from its conception in a block diagram below. Education is not just a transfer of knowledge - it is a process of repetition in order to create positive habits that will stimulate personal growth.
The habits that the IoT Core Platform Development series encourage are:
A Introduction Update to the IoT Platform Project Series
This series is what we are calling a "living development series" in order to present a realistic working product development project focused on the (IoT) Internet of Things. The object of this series is to present the actual product development path along with real world project challenges in order to create a "Safe, Secure and Private" Core IoT Platform, Hardware, Firmware and Software for LAN, WAN and Cloud platforms.
2nd Anniversary Update (Jan 14, 2019)
Technology Connects Everything
Now enter the Internet of Things, everything interconnected and beyond with IPv6 huge addressing capability, security and privacy is gaining high visibility as the predominate issue. The privacy and security issue is not just for the home environment is extends to the industry, from transportation, retail, marketing, engineering and more. The world of access through IoT sensors of all types, video, audio, control networks like traffic lights, electric grids and municipal utilities that monitor and control the safety of our everyday lives. Ok, enough of Gloom and Doom.
Wireless Communication Networks
I have been following the 5G network development for a some time and would not comment on it until there were substantial facts to present, vetted by recognized accountable scientists and medical professionals. Well here is the 2nd annual update to this blog about the IoT which includes the new 5G smart phone.
OK, the last thing we want here is another global warming controversy, lets stick to the scientific facts only, to date (Jan 1, 2019) 240 Scientists and doctors in 41 nations have published research findings on the 5G technology, (vetted at Cell Phones 5G Network Health Risks. OK we went through this as well with 3G, 4G networks as stated in the publications. Granted there have been cases of health issues with the wearable devices incorporating 3G and 4G and they are isolated to a specific locations and use.
This brings up the next fact, 3G and 4G are different transmission technologies than 5G transmission technologies and BASE stations are in unique locations that are generally away from direct proximity of residential areas. As for the technology, RF (Radio Frequency) transmission from a cell phone is low power generally under 1 watt, however from a BASE station since it is a Power/Bandwidth transmitter the power is higher; however, the power is transmitted along with the transmit methodology differ as well as antenna designs.
So: Why does this matter? How does it affect my health?
All matter has what is called a resonance (parallel or series) frequency that will (absorb, pass or reflect) energy, this includes all life as we know life that is a breathing biological "earth" entity. Solids also have a resonance frequency as shown many times by the old breaking a glass with a sound-waves experiment.
So, if the energy is reflective or passive when it comes in contact with an objects surface there will be very little effect on the internal structure past the objects surface, hence: it either bounces off or just passes through the object without any absorption of the transmitted energy. Just like the glass will only break if the frequency is resonance to the glasses material structure.
At resonance the energy is absorbed, when enough energy is absorbed within the glass structure the structure becomes compromised and resonates and literally shakes itself apart and shatters. Now keeping this concept in mind and applying it to biological life form structures is where we get similar disruptions with how the biological structures react to this intrusion of energy.
Biological's and Energy Absorption
Now the 4G and 5G broad band network, base frequencies for 3G range 2GHz to 8GHz, while 5G range 3GHz to 300GHz. As we see there is a wide overlap of frequencies that are used to define the range characteristics of the technology as defined in http://www.rfwireless-world.com/Terminology/4G-vs-5G-difference-between-4G-and-5G.html. Hence: 4G is incorporated as part of the 5G network to address various bandwidths within the communications range. OK, now, when you start to get beyond reasonable RF frequencies, radiation tends to have a greater effect on the biological's of a living organism.
Electromagnetic Absorption by Water and "wait for it" -- the body is made up of about 80% water - oops!. The real issue arises with the 5G channel frequencies that are used within the GigaHertz frequency ranges of the technology, the 2MHz to 10GHz that makes up the digital bandwidth modulation schemes. These are digital RF pulses (square-waves) being carried on the higher RF base frequency that have many harmonic frequencies as part of the waveforms being transmitted. These modulation frequencies add to the transmission energy fields being absorbed or reflected that pass through the air in all directions.
Now, the new 5G uses several of the 4G technologies along with a "focused" transmission technology that will allow the signal to travel along High Tension power lines. The theory is to put a focused RF base station every 10 or 12 blocks on these transmission line poles. This is where most of the 5G experimentation has been performed and where much of the health issues have been researched and published.
OK, nice presentation but what does this have to do with our IoT Platform Project?
As we read through each of the parts of the series we see how the series direction finds its own way to be incorporated into product development. As we developed the series we incorporated the typical engineering design approach, "We want it to do everything" . Totally unrealistic, however that is how design engineering mind-sets are wired. Have to give management credit to bring the blue-skying back down to earth with many discussions on reality.
This IoT Core Platform series developed after we discussed the inner workings of the Internet architecture, "The Information Highway" and progressed from a conceptual blue sky at 50,000 feet and landed safely and was separated into reasonable functional parts that addresses both managerial, marketing, sales and design on just what is involved in the product development of an IoT core platform that is capable of addressing multiple applications.
The IoT Core Platform development series addresses real security issues on privacy, control and safety that the industry has ignored to get the product to the market first. The old tale of the tortoise and hare race, in this case the briar patch was a bit too dense for the hare. In the interim of being first on the market, networks have been hacked through IoT devices as coffee maker controllers, fish tank controllers to name a couple and the list goes on. Hackers are using IoT devices for controlled DDoS APT attacks as well.
IoT Core Platform Develoment Series Index
1 Introduction - Setting the Atmosphere for the Series (September 26, 2016)
I also want to thank a few for contacting me on some spelling errors on this blog. I do use a dictionary and a thesaurus, however there are times as a true focused design engineer I fall into the narrow view of the industries classification of engineers and their issue with spelling.